The Hyde Park Barracks are located in Knightsbridge in central London on the southern edge of Hyde Park. They are often known as Knightsbridge Barracks and are home to The Household Cavalry which was formed in 1661 under the direct order of King Charles II and now consists of the two senior regiments of the British Army – The Life Guards and the Blues and Royals.
The first buildings on the site were constructed for the Horse Guards in 1795, and a riding school and stables designed by Philip Hardwick were added in 1857. These buildings were replaced with new ones in the 1880s, which in turn were demolished to make way for modern buildings, the most prominent feature of which is a 33 storey tall residential tower designed by Sir Basil Spence in the 1970s.
The Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment carries out ceremonial duties on State and Royal occasions in London. These duties include the provision of a Sovereign's Escort, most commonly seen at the present Queen's Birthday Parade (Trooping the Colour) in June each year. Other occasions include those during State visits by visiting Heads of State, or whenever required by the British monarch. The regiment also mounts the Queen's Life Guard at Horse Guards.